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Now a days consumers across the globe expect Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) to merge with physical reality and the upcoming 5G technology will help make such experiences mainstream.The technology company Ericsson said that as boundaries between people’s perception of physical and VR start to blur, the way they consume information and media will fundamentally change.Realities will not merge if the user is tethered to a computer or cut off from physical reality. Early adopters of VR or AR expect next-generation networks like 5G to play a central role.Generally seven out of 10 early adopters expect VR/AR to change everyday life fundamentally in six domains: Media, Education, Work, Social Interaction, Travel and Retail.Nearly 36 per cent of the adopters of AR/VR have expectations on 5G to provide VR/AR mobility through a stable, fast and high-bandwidth network.Thirty per cent of the early adopters also expect 5G to enable tethered headsets to become wireless.

The respondents that included 9,200 respondents in France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain and Britain expect virtual screens to start replacing televisions and theatres in less than a year.The Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance says that 5G should be rolled out by 2020 to meet business and consumer demands.In addition to this it provides simply faster speeds, they predict that 5G networks also will need to meet new use cases,such as the Internet of Things (internet connected devices), as well as broadcast-like services and lifeline communication in times of natural disaster. Carriers, chipmakers, OEMS and OSATs, such as Advanced Semiconductor Engineering (ASE) and Amkor Technology, Inc., have been preparing for this next-generation (5G) wireless standard, as mobile systems and base stations will require new and faster application processors, basebands and RF devices.

Although this technology updated standards that define capabilities beyond those defined in the current 4G standards are under consideration, those new capabilities have been grouped under the current ITU-T 4G standards i.e,data rates of tens of megabits per second for tens of thousands of users, data rates of 100 megabits per second for metropolitan areas, 1 Gb per second simultaneously to many workers on the same office floor,several hundreds of thousands of simultaneous connections for wireless sensors,spectral efficiency significantly enhanced compared to 4G,coverage improved, signalling efficiency enhanced,latency reduced significantly compared to LTE.This 5G technology is very useful for this virtual world and it is helpful for every sector either it is hardware company or software company.

This Clear Chain technology is very useful and it provides visibility, enhances supply chain optimization, drives business results and keeps operations moving. It connect all parts of the supply chain. By creating data transparency and increased visibility, we can use data collection and analysis to make each link in the supply chain. Generally it maximize data security and this clear chain provides complete, accurate and timely data that connects people in the supply chain with the information needed to deliver powerful business results.

Clear Chain is the culmination of decades of industry experience and specific customer requests, resulting in a comprehensive solution designed to benefit customers in every industry.And to be very valuable, we must convert data into information that can cut through the clutter and help us quickly find what matters most,that level of data visibility drives customer service . The current version of Clear-Chain facilitates sharing of KYC data, investigation reports, suspicious transaction reports and cross border wire transfer reports.It also has a regulator node which provides regulators with granular access to Clear-Chain data.

Besides it is very clear that Clear-Chain, the consortium is working on other projects including syndication of loans, cross border payments, peer to peer payments, asset registry.Clear-Chain’s insights produce many benefits.The visibility allow users to improve the flow of inventory,boost customer service, optimize routes, sync deliveries with production schedules,mitigate supply chain disruptions and more.Clear-Chain bring everything and everyone together to optimize the supply chain, improve service and obtain value.The technology, coupled with the expertise associates bring to the table, leads to a robust collaboration of people and teams that helps we achieve results faster.

Barcode Technology

Tuesday, 13 June 2017 by

Generally Barcode is an automatic identification technology, bar code is a predefined format of dark bars and white spaces, and it is structured like that it contain a specific piece of information . It allows real-time data to be collected accurately and rapidly.The combination of barcode technology with computer and application software improves performance, productivity and profitability.

Barcode technology works of off a principle called symbology. Symbology at its basic form is what defines the barcode; it determines the mapping and interpretation of the encoded information or data. This encoding allows the scanning device to know when a digit or character starts and when it stops, similar to a binary representation. We recognize barcodes as an array of parallel lines alternating between white and black lines. Barcode technology provides a simple and inexpensive method of recording data or information in a number of applications.

The symbologies of the barcode technology can be arranged or mapped in a variety of ways. A continuous symbology is marked by the characters beginning with a black line and ending with a white line or space, while discreet symbologies have characters encoded as a black line a space and then another black line. This takes care of the characters and how each individual number or letter is read. The lines of a barcode also have variances in encoding the widths of the lines. Some barcode technology systems use two separate widths to determine the character while others use multiple width lines. The use of any of these encoding styles depends, of course, on the application for which the barcode technology is being used.

In order to read the data of barcode technology it needs to be scanned by a laser and then interpreted. The scanners, or lasers, used to read the barcodes measures the light reflected form the linear barcode technology and can distinguish between the white and black lines. Calibration of the laser and system needs to be done to ensure the proper interpretation of the code itself. This has to do with whether it is a continuous or discreet symbology, 1D or 2D images, and whether it uses two width or multiple width lines. The most common lasers used are helium neon lasers due to their low energy consumption and efficiency.

Basically the Artificial Leaf is commonly used to refer to any scheme for capturing and storing the energy from sunlight in the chemical bonds of a fuel or we can say solar fuel. Photocatalytic water splitting converts water into hydrogen ions and oxygen. Generally Solar Fuels, such as hydrogen gas produced from water and methanol produced from carbon dioxide reduction by artificial photosynthesis, have received considerable attention.

In natural leaves the photosynthetic proteins are well-organized in the thylakoid membrane.And to develop an artificial leaf device for solar low-carbon fuel production from CO2, a chlorophyll derivative chlorin-e6 (Chli-e6; photosensitizer), 1-carboxylundecanoyl-1”-methyl-4,4′-bipyrizinium bromide, iodide (CH3V(CH2)9COOH; the electron carrier) and formate dehydrogenase (FDH) (the catalyst) immobilised onto a silica-gel-based thin layer chromatography plate (the Chl-V-FDH device) was investigated. From luminescence spectroscopy measurements, the photoexcited triplet state of Chl-e6 was quenched by the CH3V(CH2)9COOH moiety on the device, indicating the photoinduced electron transfer from the photoexcited triplet state of Chl-e6 to the CH3V(CH2)9COOH moiety.

Scientists are investigating many of the current challenges such as finding an effective, cheap and earth-abundant catalyst, an efficient way to harvest light, harnessing and guiding electrons necessary to split a water molecule, storing the chemical energy produced and creating architectures that would bring together all the components in a complete, functional system.The way leafs convert sunlight and carbon-dioxide into life-sustaining chemical energy is a resourceful process, and scientists are attempting to do the same thing with artificial photosynthesis to produce the ultimate clean energy. The product would be a liquid – storable solar fuel that’s extremely energy efficient to make, carbon neutral and leaves water behind when used.

It is possible to make solar fuel from the same plentiful ingredients plants use: sunlight, water and carbon dioxide. But it’s not a simple process. It involves splitting water molecules with a catalyst activated by the sun to produce solar fuel in the form of hydrogen gas or liquid hydrocarbons through the reduction of carbon dioxide.

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